*1947 in Belgrade, Serbia, former Yugoslavia, died 2016 in Pula, Croatia
In his first solo exhibition in 1976 in the Gallery Nova in Zagreb Mladen Stilinović presented his white image series 'Ruka Kruha (Hand of Bread)'. The artist started writing poems in the 1960s. Many of his works are related to language and words combined with visual signs. Mladen Stilinović was interested in 'zaum language', a concept that investigated the relation of sound and sense and the expressive possibilities of a word, founded by theoreticians of Russian futurism in the early 1920s. In the 'Ruka Kruha' series the artist experiments with words that contain a poetic idea as well as a social topic.
'Material Value of Laziness', an inconspicuous work on cardboard, addresses a central theme of any artist's creative practice. It refers to 'The Praise of Laziness', a short text by Stilinović written in 1993, in which he stressed the central importance of doing nothing and being lazy for his work as an artist. It is more important, so Stilinović, to take time out and to allow ideas to mature at their own pace than to chase after the market.
Mladen Stilinović, The Praise of Laziness, 1993
"As an artist, I learned from both East (socialism) and West (capitalism). Of course, now when the borders and political systems have changed, such an experience will be no longer possible. But what I have learned from that dialogue, stays with me. My observation and knowledge of Western art has lately led me to a conclusion that art cannot exist... any more in the West. This is not to say that there isn't any.
Why cannot art exist any more in the West? The answer is simple. Artists in the West are not lazy. Artists from the East are lazy; whether they will stay lazy now when they are no longer Eastern artists, remains to be seen.
Laziness is the absence of movement and thought, dumb time – total amnesia. It is also indifference, staring at nothing, non-activity, impotence. It is sheer stupidity, a time of pain, futile concentration. Those virtues of laziness are important factors in art. Knowing about laziness is not enough, it must be practised and perfected. Artists in the West are not lazy and therefore not artists but rather producers of something... Their involvement with matters of no importance, such as production, promotion, gallery system, museum system, competition system (who is first), their preoccupation with objects, all that drives them away form laziness, from art. Just as money is paper, so a gallery is a room.
Artists from the East were lazy and poor because the entire system of insignificant factors did not exist. Therefore they had time enough to concentrate on art and laziness. Even when they did produce art, they knew it was in vain, it was nothing.
Artists from the West could learn about laziness, but they didn't. Two major 20th century artists treated the question of laziness, in both practical and theoretical terms: Duchamp and Malevich.
Duchamp never really discussed laziness, but rather indifference and non-work. When asked by Pierre Cabanne what had brought him most pleasure in life, Duchamp said: 'First, having been lucky. Because basically I've never worked for a living. I consider working for a living slightly imbecilic from an economic point of view. I hope that some day we'll be able to live without being obliged to work. Thanks to my luck, I was able to manage without getting wet'.
Malevich wrote a text entitled 'Laziness - the real truth of mankind' (1921). In it he criticized capitalism because it enabled only a small number of capitalists to be lazy, but also socialism because the entire movement was based on work instead of laziness. To quote: 'People are scared of laziness and persecute those who accept it, and it always happens because no one realizes laziness is the truth; it has been branded as the mother of all vices, but it is in fact the mother of life. Socialism brings liberation in the unconscious, it scorns laziness without realizing it was laziness that gave birth to it; in his folly, the son scorns his mother as a mother of all vices and would not remove the brand; in this brief note I want to remove the brand of shame from laziness and to pronounce it not the mother of all vices, but the mother of perfection'. Finally, to be lazy and conclude: there is no art without laziness."
'Work is a desease – Karl Marx.'
'Work is a shame – Vlado Martek.'